DOI: 10.18536/bcce.2017., Yum

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The Spatial Patterns of Creativity in the U.S. Metropolitan Areas

Seungil Yum
University of Florida

Yum, S. (2017). The spatial patterns of creativity in the U.S. metropolitan areas. Business Creativity and the Creative Economy, 3, 99-109. https://doi.org/10.18536/bcce.2017.


The study presents a new creativity index that includes creative class, creative infrastructure, and culture called “3Ci”, which analyzes the spatial pattern of creativity in the 358 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in the United States. This study found that New York was the highest creative MSA and the solely categorized MSA that specialized in creative infrastructure and cultural facilities among 358 MSAs in the cluster analysis. In other words, New York MSA played a key role as the center of creativity, as well as the center of the United States’ economy. After a cluster analysis, 358 MSAs can be classified into seven groups. Some MSAs, such as New York, NY and Los Angeles, CA, showed specialization or richness of creative capital, but other MSAs, such as Memphis, TN and Ocala, FL, showed insufficiency of creative capital. The U.S. government can strengthen creative clusters that already have rich 3Ci, support MSAs that have low creativity by looking into the 3Ci, and balance the nation’s creative capital by analyzing spatial patterns of creativity.